Desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia

During sevoflurane anesthesia, cerebral blood flow is generally preserved however, at 3% sevoflurane there was a clear inhibition of autoregulation of cerebral blood flow in rhesus monkeys () regardless, high concentrations of sevoflurane maintained oxygen consumption and delivery throughout the brain. After inducing anesthesia with sevoflurane and thiopental sodium 5 mg kg⁻¹, the anesthetic agent was changed to desflurane in the desflurane group, whereas sevoflurane was continued in the. Anesthesia, general—desflurane is indicated for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia in adults and for maintenance of anesthesia in infants and children {01} however, inhalation anesthetic agents are rarely used alone other medications are frequently administered to induce or supplement anesthesia {03}. The aim was to compare the effects of propofol and desflurane anesthesia on transcranial motor evoked potentials (meps) from pediatric patients undergoing surgery for spinal deformities desflurane and propofol cohorts (25 patients each) were obtained retrospectively and matched for patient. Inhalant anesthesia is commonly used for anesthetic maintenance in dogs 1 isoflurane and sevoflurane are regularly used in clinical practice, and desflurane is available at many academic veterinary institutions.

desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia Isoflurane vs sevoflurane nora matthews dvm,dipl acva, professor, anesthesiology texas a&m january 2003 veterinarians have been using isoflurane since 1986, when it was approved for use in horses.

Objective:this study was designed to compare desflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia for middle ear microsurgerystudy design:one hundred healthy adults undergoing middle ear surgery were assigned to receive either desflurane or sevoflurane as their anesthetic. Planned to receive general anesthesia, induction with either 8% sevoflurane or 5% halothane in 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen mixture group-s patients induced with 8% sevoflurane in 50% nitrous oxide and oxygen. 26 the open anesthesiology journal, 2008, 2, 26-29 1874-3218/08 2008 bentham open open access inspiratory carbon monoxide and compound a concentrations during desflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia in humans: an observational. Purpose: to compare the effect of desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia by conducting meta-analysis methods: studies were searched from pubmed, medline, springer, elsevier science.

Sevoflurane anesthesia allows a as desflurane or halothane, the most im-portant property of sevoflurane is its low blood/gas partition coefficient of 069, which. Respiratory adverse events are one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality during pediatric anesthesia1,2 among the risk factors that increase perioperative respiratory complications, bronchial hyperreactivity (bhr) is the most frequent underlying pathophysiologic condition encountered in pediatric anesthesia. To determine the relative potency of desflurane, isoflurane, and sevoflurane in neonatal mice, the mac was quantified using a bracketing study design with tail-clamp stimulation, as previously described8 spontaneously breathing neonatal littermate mice (n = 42) were randomly assigned to receive desflurane, isoflurane, or sevoflurane in oxygen.

This finding was consistent with the results of a previous study , which suggested that desflurane produces a greater hypnotic effect than sevoflurane during equipotent anesthesia in this study, there were no significant differences in bis values at time points t1 and t2 between the two groups. Methods we enrolled 21 unpremedicated children, between 2 and 12 years, undergoing either a tonsillectomy or an adenoidectomy general anesthesia was induced using sevoflurane and oxygen, and dexmedetomidine was administered before surgery. The most recently introduced anesthetics, desflurane and sevoflurane, are ethers halogenated solely with fluorine there is controversy regarding the relative perioperative benefits of desflurane versus sevoflurane when used for maintenance of anesthesia in the ambulatory setting.

Desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia

Ultane (sevoflurane) volatile liquid for inhalation is an anesthetic drug used to induce and maintain general anesthesia in adult and pediatric patients during surgery ultane is available in generic form. Comment this patient developed jaundice and severe hepatic injury within 3 days of surgery under sevoflurane anesthesia the clinical course was typical of halogenated anesthetic liver injury with a rapid onset, mild eosinophilia, a hepatocellular pattern of injury and severe course. Desflurane can be used in adults for the inhalation induction of anesthesia via mask, it produces a high incidence of respiratory irritation (coughing, breathholding, apnea, increased secretions, laryngospasm.

  • Conclusions for elderly patients in whom depth of anesthesia is maintained in the moderate range, both desflurane and sevoflurane are associated with transient decreases in cognitive function as measured by mmse after anesthesia, with clinically insignificant differences between them in this setting.
  • More patients in the isoflurane group were given diclofenac (25 vs 16), whereas more patients in the sevoflurane group were given opioids (18 vs 10), perhaps reflecting the slightly higher incidence of pain in this group.
  • Sevoflurane 15 table i physicochemical properties of inhalational anesthetics sevoflurane desflurane lsoflurane enflurane halothane nitrous oxide.

Desflurane may have less adverse effects than sevoflurane when used in pediatric anesthesia with significantly shorter postoperative extubation time, eye opening time and awakening time as well as slighter agitation this article is open to post-publication review. Age‐related iso‐mac charts for isoflurane, sevoflurane and desflurane were developed for the clinically useful mac range (06-16), age range 5-95 yr, and put in a convenient form for use by practising anaesthetists. The use of desflurane versus sevoflurane may reduce or time by an average of 10-12 minutes per patient even with as many as five patients in an or per day, this would equate to only 5 or 6 minutes less time in the or.

desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia Isoflurane vs sevoflurane nora matthews dvm,dipl acva, professor, anesthesiology texas a&m january 2003 veterinarians have been using isoflurane since 1986, when it was approved for use in horses. desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia Isoflurane vs sevoflurane nora matthews dvm,dipl acva, professor, anesthesiology texas a&m january 2003 veterinarians have been using isoflurane since 1986, when it was approved for use in horses. desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia Isoflurane vs sevoflurane nora matthews dvm,dipl acva, professor, anesthesiology texas a&m january 2003 veterinarians have been using isoflurane since 1986, when it was approved for use in horses.
Desflurane versus sevoflurane in pediatric anesthesia
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