The electoral college is a group of people that elects the president and the vice president of the united states (the word college in this case simply refers to an organized body of people. Other electoral college critics dismiss the district plan, arguing that the plan fails to address the problem of a popular vote winner failing to win the presidency53 indeed, bush's margin of. This includes the winner-take-all direct votes system, the congressional district direct vote system, a division by proportional statewide vote, a vote of the state legislature, a hand-picking by the governor, a caucus system, a vote by state legislative districts, or anything else you can dream up.
Instead of tying all of their electoral votes to the winner of the statewide popular vote, one electoral vote is tied to each congressional district, with another two tied to the winner of the. Had the electoral college counted votes by congressional district rather than the states, mitt romney might be beginning his second term you might think republicans would be entirely satisfied. The congressional district method is the best alternative to the electoral college another alternative is the congressional district method the congressional district method would allocate electoral votes based on the winner of each congressional district.
Unlike simple congressional district comparisons, the district plan popular vote bonus in the 2008 election would have given obama 56% of the electoral college versus the 68% he did win it would have more closely approximated the percentage of the popular vote won [53%]. For this reason, basing electoral vote allocation on congressional districts as well would raise the stakes of redistricting considerably and make gerrymandering even more tempting (for more information see our page on the controversial process of redistricting. The electoral college is a process, not a place the founding fathers established it in the constitution as a compromise between election of the president by a vote in congress and election of the president by a popular vote of qualified citizens.
The electoral college by action taken at the state level through an interstate compact 10 states and the district of columbia have approved the npv compact to date congressional research service. The electoral college, in turn, provided each state with an allotment of electors equivalent to its congressional delegation (two senators plus its number of representatives. Using the 'congressional district method', these states allocate two electoral votes to the state popular vote winner, and then one electoral vote to the popular vote winner in each congressional district (2 in maine, 3 in nebraska.
Virginia governor bob mcdonnell has come out against a state senate proposal on the electoral college it would have shifted virginia from a winner take all system to one with votes based on congressional district results however, another virginia gop plan, one to redraw the state's congressional. Congressional districts for the united states house of representatives are electoral divisions for the purpose of electing members of the house of representatives the number of voting seats in the house of representatives is currently set at 435, with each one representing approximately 711,000 people. In 2016, maine gave three of its electoral votes to hillary clinton, but donald trump won a single electoral vote in maine's 2nd congressional district some have argued for expanding this system to address the problems inherent in the use of the winner-take-all electoral college method. The electoral college the concept of the presidential elector is certainly in the constitution, but never is the group of people collectively referred to as the electoral college article 1, section 2 speaks of electors, as do several of the amendments, but never the college itself. The electoral college, usually an obscure quirk of the us political system, has drawn new scrutiny this year because donald trump lost to hillary clinton in the popular vote, yet was the clear.
Presidential elections are a state-by-state battle but in two instances this november, it could be district by district. The official us electoral college web site, providing current information about the presidential election, information about the roles and responsibilities of state officials and electors, instructions for state officials and electors, the timeline of key dates for the presidential election, information about laws and legal requirements related to the presidential election and the electors. Are any states considering joining nebraska and maine in using the congressional district method for apportionment of electoral votes if states split their electoral votes according to congressional districts, what would the electoral college tally have been in this election.
Maine and nebraska currently, these two states are the only two in the union that diverge from the traditional winner-take-all method of electoral vote allocation with the district method, a state divides itself into a number of districts, allocating one of its state-wide electoral votes to each district. The electoral college consists of a total of 538 members, one for each us senator and representative, and three additional electors representing the district of columbia each state has a number of electoral votes equal to the combined total of its congressional delegation, and each state legislature is free to determine the method it will. Democratic socialist alexandria ocasio-cortez, seeking to represent new york's 14th congressional district, has called for the abolition of the electoral college.